Germaine Dulac

Scen.: Germaine Dulac; F.: Jean Jouannetaud; Int.: Lilian Constantini, Georges Vallée; Prod.: Isis Films Beta. D.: 6’.

T. it.: Italian title. T. int.: International title. T. alt.: Alternative title. Sog.: Story. Scen.: Screenplay. F.: Cinematography. M.: Editing. Scgf.: Set Design. Mus.: Music. Int.: Cast. Prod.: Production Company. L.: Length. D.: Running Time. f/s: Frames per second. Bn.: Black e White. Col.: Color. Da: Print source

Film Notes

In 1930, the year that marked the French film industry’s total conversion to sound, Dulac directed six “illustrated records”. These were essentially post-synchronized silent films designed to accompany a variety of classical and popular music recordings, as Thomas Edison had dreamed. Several of these films featured French melodies by popular women singers like Fréhel and Damia. In keeping with the social concerns of the period, and Dulac’s penchant for a “pure cinema,” most of these films were shot on location. They also featured working-class subjects in provincial settings as they carried out their daily lives and reflected, with hope or despair, upon the possibility of achieving their dreams. Celles qui s’en font, starring actress and dancer Lilian Constantini of Thème et variations (1929), is accompanied by its original recordings, “À la derive” (1927), sung by Germaine Lix, and “Toute Seule” (1928) by Fréhel. (Recordings courtesy of Alain Carou of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France)

Tami Williams

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