Jolly Cinema > 14:00

Pioniri Maleni/TRI ZGODBE


Wednesday 29/06/2022


Original version with subtitles


Film Notes

Želimir Žilnik represents one of the most compassionate voices in the world of film. His work shows remarkable continuity of free-spirited innovation and a constant readiness to try something new. His compassion for people is substantiat-d by his openhearted approach to form including documentary, fiction, short, television, and digital media. Pioniri maleni is an exemplary early work from the director, which focuses on the life of children who live on the street, steal, and break the law. Full of energy and wit, the film shows us their different perspectives on life while raising significant issues of social care, poverty, disability, and child prostitution. Like many of his later documentaries, the film emerges from and inspires active participation in the life of persons and communities often unnoticed, marginalised, and socially neglected. Žilnik was an initiator of the docudrama genre and Serbia’s most vital documentary auteur. His work is essential viewing and his practice remains as fresh today, five decades later.

Mina Radović

Cast and Credits

Scen.: Želimir Žilnik. F.: Miodrag Jakšić Fanđo. M.: Dragan Mitrović. Mus.: Nikola Nešković. Int.: Piroška Čapko, Hamza Šećir. Prod.: Neoplanta Film. 35mm. D.: 12’. Bn.


Film Notes

No other film can better illustrate how the emergence of the Black Wave, or modernism, in Yugoslav cinema cannot be separated from the history of Yugoslav cinema in the 1940s and 50s. And it is significant that Dušan Makavejev considered the final story of Tri zgodbe to be among the early releases that most influenced him. As with all New Wave cinema, even that in Yugoslavia, it is sometimes possible to criticise a certain arrogance in emphasising the originality of a generation. (We can see how a great veteran such as Vojislav Nanović has been overlooked in Serbian cinema, in reality better associated with the pathos element that Mića Popović and Miroslav Antić bring to the new cinema, and we remember unfortunately the shameful expulsion of the ‘mediocre’ Marijan Vajda.) However, in Slovenian cinema, the transition from the postwar production of Triglav film to that of the new Viba film, cannot deny the inspiration of what came before it, although a more poetically modern approach is evident in the works of Matjaž Klopčič, Boštjan Hladnik and Jože Pogačnik. The presence of an innovative production manager such as Dušan Povh in the last story of Tri zgodbe overcomes any rigidity in the “realistic” literary sources of the three stories. The film becomes a restless questioning of the national landscape itself, with hostile rivers (as in the contemporary Slovenian masterpiece by Czech František Čáp Trenutki odločitve written by Croat Branko Belan), while in other Slovenian films it is the lakes, mountains, and shoreline (in France Štiglic’s masterpiece, Dolina miru, Valley of Peace) that point to the problematic relationship of man with the landscape he lives in, which goes beyond ideological or national issues. The vulnerability of all the characters in Tri zgodbe and in particular the fragile beauty of the female figures provide the traditional school of filmmaking of Kavčič, Pretnar and Kosmač with variations on a melancholic theme bordering on the gloomy, freely echoing Duvivier and Clouzot.  

Sergio M. Grmek Germani

Cast and Credits

Ep. Slovo Andreja Vitužnika

Regia: Jane Kavčič. T. int.: The Departure of Andrej Vitužnik. Sog.: dal racconto Splavar (1950) di Anton Ingolič. Scen.: Jane Kavčič, Franc Severkar. F.: Ivan Marinček. M.: Darinka Peršin. Scgf.: Stane Kovič. Mus.: Bojan Adamič. Int.: Jože Mlakar (Petrun), Jože Zupan (Miha), Stane Sever (Andrej Vitužnik), Janez Vrhovec (Irga).

Ep. Na valovih Mure

Regia: Igor Pretnar. T. int.: The Floating Mill. Sog.: dal racconto omonimo (1931) di Miško Kranjec. Scen.: Igor Pretnar. F.: Rudi Vavpotič. M.: Boris Strohsack. Scgf.: Tone Mlakar. Mus.: Bojan Adamič. Int.: Bert Sotlar (Naci), Julija Staričeva (Kati), Lojze Potokar (Blaž), Nika Juvanova (Mariča).

Ep. Koplji pod brezo

Regia: France Kosmač. T. int.: Water on the Hill. Sog.: dal racconto Vodnjak (1940) di Prežihov Voranc. Scen., M.: France Kosmač. F.: France Cerar. Scgf.: Tone Mlakar. Mus.: Blaž Arnič. Int.: Mira Sardoc (Lenčka), Rudolf Kosmač (Miha), Mileva Zakrajšek, Tone Terpin, Marjan Kralj.

Prod. Mladen Kozina, Ante Blaj, Milan Gućek, Dušan Povh per Triglav film. 35mm. D.: 110’. Bn.